Appomattox and Marian Anderson: Symbolic Irony of History
April 9, 2011

Don't Buy Real Estate From This Man!

Don't Buy Real Estate From This Man!

On This Date in History: Wilmer McLean was a Virginia grocer. He probably did fairly well at his craft. But, he didn’t have much luck when it came to real estate. See, he had a patch of land not too far from the nation’s capital. The first major conflict of the Civil War was known as the Battle of Bull run and it took place on McLean’s land. Not only that, but Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard thought that the McLean house would make a good headquarters, so he comandeered it. The land was ravaged by the warfare and the house took a beating as a Union cannonball came crashing through the kitchen.

Lee's Table Not as Valuable as Grant's

Lee's Table Not as Valuable as Grant's

After the battle, which was also called the Battle of Manassas,  McLean hung on but gave up a year later when the entire episode was repeated during the Second Battle of Bull Run. Following the second episode of his home being turned inside out,  McLean picked up his family and moved to a small town some miles away in an effort to find some peace and quiet from the war.

McLean's Manassas Home No Longer His Castle After Bull Run

After a couple of years, McLean thought he’d made a good move until this date in 1865. See, Generaly Ulysses S. Grant had gotten General Robert E. Lee to abandon Petersburg and Lee’s army was on the run until finally, Lee sent Colonel Charles Marshall to find an appropriate site for a conference between the two army’s commanders near the small town of Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia which was some miles from the old McLean house. The first person that Marshall came upon was none other than Wilmer McLean. McLean first steered the colonel to an abandoned house with no furniture in it. Colonel Marshall quickly dismissed the idea. McLean felt like it was all but inevitable that the war had reached out and grabbed him again so he offered his home.

Parlor In Lower Left Hand Room

Parlor In Lower Left Hand Room

On that afternoon, General Robert E. Lee signed the articles of surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant in the front parlor of the McLean home and effectively ended the Civil War, though some skirmishes would go on for several days. Now, this was a pretty historic occasion and the soldiers on hand knew it. They wanted a piece of history. Union General Edward O.C. Ord gave McLean $40 for the table at which Grant had sat. Another Union General, either Philip Sheridan or George A. Custer, got a good deal by acquiring the table at which Lee sat for just $25. At that point, McLean figured he needed his furniture and brought an end to the impromtu rummage sale. But, less honorable individuals would have none of it. Chairs were broken up, upholstery ripped and the parlor was torn to pieces as if another cannonball had ripped through. Once again, Wilmer McLean had been touched by Civil War history…and his house took a beating. Maybe he should have moved to Texas.

Bear More Valuable Than Jesus?

Bear More Valuable Than Jesus?

The selling of the Grant table for more than the Lee table reminds me of when I lived in Birmingham. I once went into an art store. On some shelves were busts. Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest went for $500. Robert E. Lee and Jesus Christ went for $550. Bear Bryant? He went for $600! Yes indeed, it’s the bible belt and they love Robert E. Lee and Jesus, but you better not schedule a church social when Alabama football has a game!

Who knew the 1 year old girl would later sing for kings

Some 32 years after the close of the Civil War, a little girl was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.  By the age of six, this young lady became known in her church as the “baby contralto.”  Recognizing her musical talent, her father bought a piano but was unable to afford lessons so the young budding prodigy simply taught herself.  In her early teens, she began accepting invitations to sing until she finally got the courage to ask for $5 per performance.  Groups were eager to pay.  Around that same time, the Philadelphia Choral Society held a benefit concert that raised $500 so that she might be able to afford voice lessons with a leading contralto of the day.  Following her high school graduation, her principal introduced her to the highly sought after vocal teacher Guiseppe Boghetti and her audition brought the man to tears.

23 years old looking as good as she sounded

Throughout the 1920’s and 1930’s, her career exploded.  She performed all over Europe at great stages such as those found in London and Berlin.  When Arturo Toscanini heard her in Salzburg at the Mozarteum international festival, the prestigious conductor told her, “Yours is a voice such as one hears once in a hundred years.”  She even performed before the King of both Sweden and Denmark.  By the late 1930’s, she was performing some 70 concerts a year in Europe, Latin America and in the United States, including at Carnegie Hall.  Wherever she went, she was welcomed to great acclaim…that is until she attempted to perform in the capital of the United States of America.  You see, Marian Anderson was one of the greatest contraltos the nation has ever produced but she was rebuffed by some who were not deaf but still could not hear.  Although a bloody Civil War had been fought that was thought to have brought freedom for all, African-Americans were not living on a level playing field in many parts of the country, including the nation’s capital.

Marian Filled the Mall After the Snub for Constitutional Hall

Washington’s Constitutional Hall was the city’s foremost venue but the city was segregated and the hall itself had separate seating based on race.  I bet I know who got the front seats.  Anyway, when Marian’s agent attempted the book the hall, he was told that it was unavailable.  It seems that, in 1935, those who ran the hall created a rule that called for only white performers.  So, while it was supposed the be the greatest venue in the city, the greatest contralto in the nation, if not the world, was not allowed in.  Marian Anderson was good enough for the crowned heads of Europe, but not Constitutional Hall.  How can such a place be considered the best when it won’t allow the best?  The First Lady of the United States, Eleanor Roosevelt was so incensed that she resigned from the Daughters of the American Revolution which just so happened to be the owner of Constitutional Hall.  Musicians protested and much of the public was in an uproar.  I’m not sure if President Roosevelt ever commented but, I’m sure he gave his blessing to Secretary of Interior Harold Ickes when he arranged a free open air concert for Easter Sunday.  On this date in 1939, 74 years to the day after The Army of Northern Virginia surrendered to Union forces under the command of Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant, Marian Anderson stood on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial and performed before 75,000 adoring onlookers.  Millions more listened at home on their radios. 

I Bet Old Abe Smiled Over Marian's Shoulder

Relating to her performance, Anderson said that at first, she was reluctant to accept the invitation because she didn’t like a lot of show and that “one could not tell in advance what direction the affair would take. I studied my conscience. …. As I thought further, I could see that my significance as an individual was small in this affair. I had become, whether I like it or not, a symbol, representing my people.”  A few weeks later, Anderson performed at the White House for President Roosevelt the visiting King George VI and Queen Elizabeth of Great Britain.  Finally, in 1943, at the height of World War II, Marian Anderson performed at Constitutional Hall under the condition that the Daughter’s of the American Revolution suspend their segregationist seating policy.

Marian Anderson at New York's Metropolitan Opera 1955

While history justifiably remembers Dr. Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, Marian Anderson is largely forgotten.  In a city filled with monuments that elicit great symbolism, I think it is quite fitting to remember the contralto who performed on the steps of the monument, made largely of marble from former Confederate States, to the man remembered for his  leadership in a great struggle the resulted in freedom for African Americans on the day that struggle effectively came to an end.  It’s folly to try and play the “what if” game but I do wonder for a moment that, if Marian Anderson had not performed in 1939, would Dr. King have been able to stand in literally the same spot 25 years later?  Her career flourished and she lived to see great change prior to her death in 1993 at the age of 96.  But, certainly, as her voice was one heard once in a lifetime, her legacy should be etched in the American conscience for eternity as one rarely seen in a nation’s history.

 

The Union Army in the Civil War Was Nearly Commanded by an Italian
September 8, 2010

Had Abraham Lincoln Been Able to Offer his Emancipation Proclamation a Year Earlier, This Italian Military Hero May Have Been An American Military Hero As Well

Winfield Scott Lives up to his "Old Fuss and Feathers" moniker and the notion that he was a tired old man at 75

On This Date in History:  It has been well documented and reviewed that Abraham Lincoln had a difficult time finding a general to lead the Union Army at the outset of the Civil War and in the years to come.  The carousel of commanders ultimately ended with the elevation of General Ulysses S. Grant to the position of Lt. General of the Armies in 1864 following his victory at Vicksburg in 1863.  When the war began, Lincoln had a true military hero in General Winfield Scott who had gained accolades for his efforts in the War of 1812 and the Mexican War.  But “Old Fuss and Feathers,” as Scott was called, was 75 years old and in declining health when hostilities began in 1861.  After Scott had set forth his “Anaconda Plan” to strangle the South with a naval blockade, he retired from military service.

Lt. Colonel Robert E. Lee Could Not Turn His Back on Virginia

Before the war broke out. Scott had approached Lt. Colonel Robert E. Lee about taking command of the Union armies in the field.  Scott pleaded with Lee not to join the Confederacy.  Lee, however, felt great loyalty to his state of Virginia as its history had in some measure been shaped by his ancestors, including American Revolution hero Henry “Light Horse Harry” Lee, Robert E. Lee’s father.  When Virginia voted to secede from the Union and Lee informed Scott of his decision, the aging general said, “Lee, you have made the greatest mistake of your life;  but I feared it would be so.”    Virginia officially proposed secession on April 17, 1861 and Robert E. Lee resigned from the US Army 3 days later.  Three days thereafter, Lee was named commander of the armed forces of Virginia.

McClellan's Deliberate Approach Was Good For Railroad Building But Not So Good For Waging War; Posing Like Napoleon Didn't Make Him Napoleon

From that point, it was all downhill for the Union.  President Lincoln turned to General George B. McClellan who was a West Point Graduate but had spent the most recent years with the railroads, most significantly plotting the course of the Northern Pacific Railroad across the Cascades.  He was gifted at organization and literally built the US Army from scratch.  But, McClellan envisioned himself as an American Napoleon and had a strained relationship with the president as exemplified by his reference to the Commander in Chief as an “idiot” or “the original gorilla.”  McClellan had been a good student at West Point and thus followed the doctrine taught at the academy which  was based on the ideas of Antoine Henri de Jomini.  In general, the military strategy involved maintaining supply and communications lines and securing key locations.  True to his organizational strengths, McClellan and other Union generals tended to take their time in preparation and tended to make deliberate, rather than decisive, moves.  Lincoln accused McClellan of having a case of “the slows.” 

Famous Alexander Gardner Photo of Dead Soldiers at Antietam

In September 1862, Lee invaded Maryland and split his army, which was unconventional, in order for him to follow the Jomini doctrine of securing his supply routes.  McClellan is said to have received advanced intelligence that informed him of Lee’s plans.  A Union soldier in Frederick, Maryland had found a pack of 3 cigars in the street and when he picked it up, he found the cigars were wrapped in Lee’s orders to his field commanders which outlined the strategy which were known as Lee’s Special Orders  no. 191.  McClellan was brimming with confidence that his much larger army could surprise and overcome the divided forces of the Army of Northern Virginia and achieve a great victory.  Alas,  in spite of the information, McClellan moved so slowly and with such deliberate care that Lee was able to regroup his army at Antietam.  The Battle of Antietam, which was fought near Antietam Creek  on September 17, 1862, was one of the bloodiest of the Civil War.  McClellan said it was a great victory but, in fact, his army with a two to one advantage in numbers missed an opportunity to destroy Lee’s army and perhaps end the war.  Lee escaped with his forces intact and McClellan failed to follow up with a pursuit.

Garibaldi Refused Command of Union Army Due To Lincoln's Reluctance to Commit to Free American Slaves

As it turns out, the name of George B. McClellan might be lost to history had Abraham Lincoln been successful a year before the Battle of Antietam.  You see, on this date in 1861, the president attempted to enlist the services of Italian Revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi to lead the Union Army.  Garibaldi had become famous in his own country in his successful operation to unify Italy.  Robert E. Lee did not join the Confederacy because he supported slavery, but instead out of loyalty to Virginia.  Garibaldi had no such loyalty issues and had fought against slavery in South America.  However, a sticking point in the attempt to gain the skills of Garibaldi was the Italian’s insistence that Lincoln promise that American slaves would be freed.  At that point, Lincoln’s objective was to preserve the Union and he doubted he could reach his objective and make such a commitment. 

Ever Heard of Don Carlos Buell?

Of course, 5 days after Antietam, President Lincoln announced his intention of issuing the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 that would free all slaves in areas in insurrection.  Lincoln said it was a military measure to help limit the South’s ability to make war.   However, it effectively freed the slaves since it would be incomprehensible to free those in bondage only to put them back in their former state once the war was over.  Had Lincoln felt as if he was in a position to make such a commitment in September 1862, then George B. McClellan might have been relegated as a footnote of history, like General Don Carlos Buell or even, in some measure, Winfield Scott. 

Light Italian Aircraft Carrier Named For Garibaldi

As it stands, it was Giuseppe Garibaldi who has been lost to American history.  Ultimately, victory was acheived under the command of Ulysses S. Grant, who was not a very good student at West Point and therefore had not been indoctrinated in the Jomini philosophy.  He developed a strategy that involved the “theatre of war” as well as using his overwhelming superiority in stregnth to simply attack and overwhelm the enemy.  The tactics involved are known as “Grantonian Tactics” and were later used by the likes of Erwin Rommel and Bernhard Montgomery.  The philsophy continues to this day and is described by historian Russell F. Weigley as The American Way of War.  The media has given some of those tactics the moniker, “Shock and Awe.”  As for Garibaldi, while he was never named as commander of the Union Army, the Italians did name an aircraft carrier in his honor.

Weather Bottom Line:  I saw someone on TV on Tuesday night say that the track of what is left over of Tropical Storm Hernine would determine if our rain chances go up at the end of the week.  What a crock.  A tropical cyclone is a very large feature and this storm remained well defined even as far north as San Antonio.  Its flow opens up the Gulf and the storm will track into the plains states.  The flow is so broad that most certainly, the moisture drawn up to the east of the center of the low will over run the cold front that came through on Tuesday.  The question will be whether or not the moisture will overcome the dry air and when it does, not the track of the system.  Look for a coolish night in the upper 50’s, a warm afternoon on Thursday with low humidity and high clouds on Thursday afternoon and then thickening clouds as the day progresses on Friday.  The dry air will limit the rain chances for awhile but by late Friday, into Friday night, its likely that our atmosphere will be saturated enough to give us a decent shot at some much needed rain.   The system will lift the front north as a warm front on Friday night or Saturday morning and that will be the best chance.  Saturday may be a shade warm and humid in advance of a cold front which may not only provide decent rain chances Saturday evening, but also, I would think, a risk of some trouble-making t’storms.

911: I Want My Shrimp! Bad Real Estate Investor
April 9, 2009

Don't Buy Real Estate From This Man!

Don't Buy Real Estate From This Man!

Only One Shrimp? Call the Cops!

Only Three Shrimp? Call the Cops!

I want my Shrimp!  This is great and also silly at the same time.  So, this lady goes into a fast food place and orders extra shrimp with her fried rice.  She claims that she didn’t get her shrimp.  She argues with the manager and calls the cops demanding her extra shrimp.  Here’s the story with audio of the call for your amusement.

On This Date in History:  Wilmer McLean was a Virginia grocer.  He probably did fairly well at his craft.  But, he didn’t have much luck when it came to real estate.  See, he had a patch of land not too far from the nation’s capital.  The first major conflict of the Civil War was known as the Battle of Bull run and it took place on McLean’s land.  Not only that, but Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard thought that the McLean house would make a good headquarters, so he comandeered it.  The land was ravaged by the warfare and the house took a beating as a Union cannonball came crashing through the kitchen. 

Lee's Table Not as Valuable as Grant's

Lee's Table Not as Valuable as Grant's

After the battle, McLean hung on but gave up a year later when the entire episode was repeated during the Second Battle of Bull Run.  McLean picked up his family and moved to a small town some miles away. 

After a couple of years, McLean thought he’d made a good move until this date in 1865.  See, Generaly Ulysses S. Grant had gotten General Robert E. Lee to abandon Petersburg and Lee’s army was on the run until finally, Lee sent Colonel Charles Marshall to find an appropriate site for a conference between the two army’s commanders near the small town of Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia which was some miles from the old McLean house.  The first person that Marshall came upon was none other than Wilmer McLean.  McLean first steered the colonel to an abandoned house with no furniture in it.  Colonel Marshall quickly dismissed the idea.  McLean felt like it was all but inevitable that the war had reached out and grabbed him again so he offered his home. 

Parlor In Lower Left Hand Room

Parlor In Lower Left Hand Room

On that afternoon, General Robert E. Lee signed the articles of surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant in the front parlor of the McLean home and effectively ended the Civil War, though some skirmishes would go on for several days.  Now, this was a pretty historic occasion and the soldiers on hand knew it.  They wanted a piece of history.  Union General Edward O.C. Ord gave McLean $40 for the table at which Grant had sat.  Another Union General, either Philip Sheridan or George A. Custer, got a good deal by  acquiring the table at which Lee sat for just $25.  At that point, McLean figured he needed his furniture and brought an end to the impromtu rummage sale.  But, less honorable individuals would have none of it.  Chairs were broken up, upholstery ripped and the parlor was torn to pieces as if another cannonball had ripped through.  Once again, Wilmer McLean had been touched by Civil War history…and his house took a beating.  Maybe he should have moved to Texas. 

Bear More Valuable Than Jesus?

Bear More Valuable Than Jesus?

The selling of the Grant table for more than the Lee table reminds me of when I lived in Birmingham.  I once went into an art store.  On some shelves were busts.  Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest went for $500.  Robert E. Lee and Jesus Christ went for $550.  Bear Bryant?  He went for $600!    Yes indeed, it’s the bible belt and they love Robert E. Lee and Jesus, but you better not schedule a church social when Alabama football has a game!

 

Thu 8am to Fri 8am

Thu 8am to Fri 8am

Weather Bottom Line:  The weather situtation looks pretty much on track.  We still have a lead short coming out for Thursday and Friday.  Earlier I had made mention of this and thought it looked like trouble a week ago.  But, I kinda backed off as I got swayed a bit by the SPC assessment, plus the main bit of energy for the latter part of the weekend looked like the real thing.  But, as the week progressed, the indecies started coming back up for Friday and now the SPC has jumped on board by putting us in a slight risk.  What we have is two chances.  First a warm front comes through early Friday morning.  That would be one chance for strong storms.  Then after a break, the cold front comes through and we have a second chance.  The GFS has backed off somewhat on its wild indecies but they are still impressive for the afternoon while teh ETA remains less enthusiastic.  My guess is that our biggest risk will be hail and gusty winds with hail more risky with the warm front.  Now, everyone has been pooh poohing the main energy and I have to tell you that the vertical profile indecies look pretty pedestrian for Monday.  But,  when you look at the map, I’m not sure why the indecies are not more enthusiastic.  I’m not analyzing this that closely but, if the indecies are so bland, there must be some items missing whether it be CAPE or shear or the proper veering…perhaps there is some dry air or warm air aloft messing things up.  It appears to be all of the above as simply we get some cooler air for the weekend following the lead short and there simply isn’t enough time for the atmosphere to reload.  I still am a little curious as to how the second part shakes out.  We’ll just have to wait and see but I can’t ignore that the data does not support anything worthwhile on Monday.  So bottom line is risk for storms late Thursday night or early Friday and then again Friday afternoon with cooler weather for the weekend.

Fri 8am to Sat 8am

Fri 8am to Sat 8am

   DAY 2 CONVECTIVE OUTLOOK 
   NWS STORM PREDICTION CENTER NORMAN OK
   1216 PM CDT THU APR 09 2009
  
   VALID 101200Z – 111200Z
  
   …THERE IS A SLGT RISK OF SVR TSTMS FROM PARTS OF THE OH AND TN
   VALLEY SWD INTO THE CNTRL/ERN GULF STATES AND EWD INTO THE
   CAROLINAS…
  
   …SYNOPSIS…
  
   AN AMPLIFIED BUT PROGRESSIVE LARGE-SCALE PATTERN WILL BE MAINTAINED
   OVER THE CONUS THROUGH THE DAY TWO PERIOD.  THE PRIMARY FEATURE OF
   INTEREST WILL BE MID/UPPER-LEVEL LOW WHICH WILL GRADUALLY WEAKEN AND
   EVOLVE INTO AN OPEN WAVE WHILE TRANSLATING EWD FROM THE OZARK
   PLATEAU AND LOWER MS VALLEY TO THE MID ATLANTIC COAST BY SATURDAY
   MORNING.  AS THIS PROCESS OCCURS…LATEST MODEL GUIDANCE SUGGESTS
   THAT AN UPSTREAM VORTICITY MAXIMUM/JET STREAK WILL ROTATE THROUGH
   THE MEAN TROUGH BASE ACROSS THE TN VALLEY INTO VA/NC FRIDAY
   AFTERNOON INTO FRIDAY NIGHT.  THIS ERN U.S. WAVE WILL PRECEED A MORE
   INTENSE TROUGH WHICH WILL EVENTUALLY FORM INTO A CLOSED SYSTEM OVER
   THE LOWER CO VALLEY INTO NRN BAJA AND THE GULF OF CA.
  
   IN THE LOW LEVELS…SURFACE CYCLONE NEAR THE CONFLUENCE OF THE MS/OH
   RIVERS AT 10/12Z WILL DEVELOP ENEWD ACROSS NRN KY AND SRN
   WV…EVENTUALLY REACHING THE DELMARVA BY 11/12Z.  ATTENDANT COLD
   FRONT WILL PUSH EWD THROUGH THE TN VALLEY AND GULF STATES TO ALONG
   THE MID/SERN ATLANTIC COASTS BY SATURDAY MORNING.
  
   …OH/TN VALLEYS INTO THE CNTRL/ERN GULF STATES AND EWD TO THE
   CAROLINAS…
  
   EML/STEEP LAPSE RATE PLUME OBSERVED OVER THE SRN PLAINS THIS MORNING
   WILL BE ADVECTED EWD INTO THE REGION WITH WSWLY AIRFLOW
   REGIME…ALONG SRN THROUGH ERN PERIPHERIES OF MIDLEVEL TROUGH.
   WHILE WARM SECTOR BOUNDARY LAYER WILL NOT BE OVERLY MOIST /I.E.
   DEWPOINTS IN 50S OVER KY/TN TO LOWER/MID 60S OVER THE GULF
   STATES/…THESE STEEP LAPSE RATES COUPLED WITH GENERALLY COOL
   MIDLEVEL THERMODYNAMIC PROFILES WILL YIELD MLCAPE APPROACHING
   1000-1500 J/KG OVER THE TN VALLEY/CUMBERLAND PLATEAU…TO 1500-2000
   J/KG OVER THE CNTRL/ERN GULF STATES.
  
   TSTMS /SOME SEVERE/ ARE EXPECTED TO BE ONGOING FRIDAY MORNING WITHIN
   ZONE OF DEEP ASCENT AHEAD OF SURFACE LOW OVER PARTS OF THE LOWER OH
   AND LOWER MS VALLEYS…AS WELL AS WITHIN WAA REGIME FARTHER E ACROSS
   PARTS OF ERN TN/AL/NRN GA.  THE FORMER ACTIVITY WILL LIKELY INCREASE
   IN BOTH COVERAGE AND INTENSITY BY LATE MORNING/EARLY AFTERNOON
   ALONG/AHEAD OF COLD FRONT FROM CNTRL KY/MIDDLE TN SWD INTO AL AS
   STRONGER FORCING/HEIGHT FALLS ASSOCIATED WITH SECONDARY VORTICITY
   MAXIMUM ACT ON DESTABILIZING AIR MASS. 
  
   GIVEN THE STEEP LAPSE RATES/MODERATE INSTABILITY AND DEEP-LAYER
   SHEAR RANGING FROM 30-40 KT INVOF SURFACE LOW OVER KY TO 50-65 KT
   INTO MS/AL/GA…ENVIRONMENT WILL BE QUITE SUPPORTIVE OF EMBEDDED
   SUPERCELL STRUCTURES CAPABLE OF VERY LARGE HAIL AND DAMAGING WINDS.
   CURRENTLY…IT APPEARS THAT THE GREATEST TORNADO THREAT WILL EXIST
   ACROSS MIDDLE/ERN TN INTO NRN PARTS OF AL/GA AND PERHAPS AS FAR E AS
   WRN SC FRIDAY AFTERNOON INTO EVENING.  HERE…REINTENSIFICATION OF A
   SWLY LLJ WILL OCCUR IN RESPONSE TO ABOVE-MENTIONED…SECONDARY
   VORTICITY MAXIMUM RESULTING IN NOTABLY STRONGER LOW-LEVEL SHEAR
   /I.E. 0-1 KM SHEAR APPROACHING 30-35 KT/.  SHOULD FUTURE NUMERICAL
   GUIDANCE AND OBSERVATIONAL DATA CONTINUE TO SUGGEST A SIMILAR
   THREAT…A MODERATE RISK MAY BE REQUIRED IN SUBSEQUENT DAY ONE
   OUTLOOKS.
  
   PRE-FRONTAL CLUSTERS/BANDS OF SEVERE STORMS WILL CONTINUE FRIDAY
   NIGHT EWD THROUGH THE CNTRL/SRN APPALACHIANS AND PIEDMONT…
   EVENTUALLY INTO THE COASTAL PLAINS.  WHILE INSTABILITY WILL TEND TO
   DIMINISH WITH TIME…A STRONGLY SHEARED KINEMATIC ENVIRONMENT WILL
   CONTINUE TO FAVOR EMBEDDED SUPERCELL AND/OR BOWING STRUCTURES WILL
   THE THREAT FOR DAMAGING WINDS…HAIL AND PERHAPS TORNADOES.
  
   ..MEAD.. 04/09/2009

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